WASHINGTON — Alone 1 out of 20 cartage in the “small SUV” class evaluated in a new, tougher ancillary blast analysis accustomed an all-embracing “good” rating, the Insurance Convention for Highway Safety said Wednesday.
The 2021 Mazda CX-5 bunched crossover was the alone agent to acquire the acceptable appraisement in the institute’s aboriginal tests of 2020-21 model-year cartage back introducing the adapted ancillary test, which uses a added barrier traveling at a college acceleration to simulate the arresting vehicle. Automotive News classifies the CX-5 and best of its competitors in the articulation as crossovers.
“We developed this new analysis because we doubtable there was allowance for added progress, and these after-effects affirm that,” IIHS President David Harkey said in a statement. “The ‘good’ appraisement for the CX-5 shows that able-bodied aegis in a added astringent ancillary blast is achievable.”
Nine cartage — the 2021 Audi Q3, Buick Encore, Chevrolet Trax, Honda CR-V, Nissan Rogue, Subaru Forester, Toyota RAV4, Toyota Venza and Volvo XC40 — becoming “acceptable” ratings from IIHS. Eight others — the Chevrolet Equinox, Ford Escape, GMC Terrain, Hyundai Tucson, Jeep Compass, Jeep Renegade, Kia Sportage and Lincoln Corsair — becoming “marginal” ratings.
The 2021 Honda HR-V and 2020 Mitsubishi Eclipse becoming “poor” ratings.
The ratings backpack over to 2022 models, except for the Hyundai Tucson and the Jeep Compass, the convention said.
“Obviously, these after-effects aren’t great, but they’re in band with what we accepted back we adopted this added acrimonious test,” said Becky Mueller, IIHS chief analysis architect whose analysis was acclimated to architecture the new analysis protocol.
All 20 of the activated cartage accustomed acceptable ratings in an beforehand adaptation of the institute’s ancillary blast tests, area the barrier advised 3,300 pounds and catholic at 31 mph. In the new test, the barrier weighs 4,180 pounds and strikes the analysis agent at 37 mph. The convention said the new barrier additionally has a altered architecture that “acts added like a absolute SUV or pickup” back it strikes addition vehicle.
Ratings for both the aboriginal and the new tests are based on how able-bodied the addressee alcove anatomy holds its appearance during the blast as able-bodied as abrasion measures calm from dummies in the disciplinarian bench and rear bench abaft the driver, and how able-bodied the airbags assure both dummies’ heads.
Drivers of cartage with a “good” ancillary blast analysis appraisement are 70 percent beneath acceptable to die in a driver-side blast than drivers of cartage with a “poor” rating, a 2011 abstraction by IIHS found. However, ancillary impacts still accounted for 23 percent of passenger-vehicle addressee deaths in 2019, the convention said.
“There’s no distinct acumen why so abounding ancillary crashes still aftereffect in fatalities,” Mueller said. “But these after-effects accommodate a alley map for specific improvements that can save lives.”
The convention said it will abide to crave a “good” appraisement in the aboriginal ancillary analysis for its Top Safety Pick and Top Safety Pick awards until the belief is adapted in 2023.
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